観光スポット

粕壁宿 大凧の里 産直の里 春日部のお花
       

粕壁宿めぐり Kasukabe-Juku-meguri




№1 The Kasukabe History Museum

This diorama shows our city about 170 years ago in scale of one 200th. About 260 years from 1603 to 1867 is called ‘Edo era’ or ‘Tokugawa era’. In the Edo era our society was peaceful and quiet under the administration of the powerful Tokugawa shogunate. There was no battle. The people lead fairly calm life.郷土資料館
The Tokugawa shogunate constructed five major highways throughout our country. There were ’Tokaido’, ‘Koshukaido’, ‘Nakasendo’, ‘Nikko-kaido’ and ‘Oshukaido’. Along the highways, ‘Shukuba’ or staging post was established every distance of several kilometers for travelers to take rest and stay at night, and horses to be changed for carrying cargo. One of 23 staging posts constructed along the Nikko-kaido of about 150 km was our ‘Kasukabe- Juku’. It dates back to 1616.

‘Kasukabe-Juku’ was the 4th staging post from Edo and is about 35 km from Tokyo. When travelers started early in the morning, they used to stay here at the first night. Therefore, ‘Kasukabe-Juku’ was prosperous with 45 inns, caterers, pubs, entertainment hours, temples, and shrine. ‘Kasukabe-Juku’ was required to prepare 35 carriers and 35 horses for relaying public cargoes and feudal loads to the next staging post.

The diorama indicates how our old city looke like with various kinds of stores, shops, and other structures arranged along the main street of the highway. The street of the Juku was 1.1km long and 9m wide.


№2Guidepost for Walkers 
‘Sign Post’ is a present day’s guide post of highways. These signs were posted at major injections of Nikko highway. We can read the letters as follows: ‘The road in the east is to Edo and the road on your right is to Oshu.’, ‘Nikko is in the North.’, and ‘Iwatsuki is in the south-west’. This one was posted in 1834. This one first was of wood and later replaced with stone.

 




№3 Sai-shoin Temple
It is presumed that the Sai-shoin Temple was originally constructed toward the end of the Heian-era during the 1,100 years. The main image is ‘Senju-kan-non-bosatsu’ (Buddha with 1,000 arms). The temple was in charge of managing all of temples located around here during the Edo era.
The Shogun of Chief administrator of the Tokugawa Shogunate was succeeded by Tokugawa family generation to generation throughout the Edo era. 260 years of the Edo era were reigned by 15 shoguns. 9 shoguns out of 15 issued a special warrant authenticated by their own seals to this temple, saying that ‘15 koku (1 koku equals 180 liters, and is big enough to hire one follower a year.) be offered annually and tax be exempted.’. These documents are carefully kept as temple treasures. When Tokugawa Iemitsu, the 3rd Shogun, passed away in 1651 in Edo and his body was transferred to Nikko for burial, his coffin stayed one night at this temple on its way. 

The monument of Warload Kasukabe Shigeyuki’s burial
The period of 1,192 to 1,1331 is called ‘Kamakura era’. Shigeyuki was an active warload toward the end of the Kamakura era. In order to support Emperor Godaigo, Warload Kasukabe fought against Ashikaga Takauji. He was unfortunately defeated at the battle and finally committed suicide ‘Harakiri’ in Kyoto. His remains were brought back by his son, Ietsuna, and buried here. His meritorious achievements were acknowledged officially, and the title of 4th grade was awarded by the Japanese government.

春日部市観光協会 〒344-8585 埼玉県春日部市粕壁東2-20-29
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